The Flag of Albania

Albanian Flag


The Flag of Albania - Description of the Albanian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Albanian Flag indicates the overall background is Red with a black two-headed eagle in the center. Albania means Land of the Eagles
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Albanian flag represent the following:
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Albanian flag is described as Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Albanian flag is described as 5:7
  • The Meaning & History of the Albanian Flag - The emblem on the Albanian flag is derived from a 1600's Coat of Arms of Gjergj Kastrioti ( known as Skanderbeg ) who led an Albanian revolt against the Ottoman Empire resulting in their brief independence from 1443 to 1468
  • The Albanian flag was officially adopted on April 7th 1992

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Albanian Flag Etiquette
  • Albanian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Albanian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Albanian
    • State Flag of Albanian
    • Military Flag of Albanian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Albanian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Albanian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Albanian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Albanian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Albanian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Albanian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Albanian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Albanian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Albanian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Albanian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Albanian flag to the top, then lowering the Albanian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Albanian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Albanian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Albanian flag
  • The Albanian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Albanian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Albanian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Albanian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Albanian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.



Location: South-eastern Europe, bordering
the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea,
between Greece and Serbia
and Montenegro

National Flags of the World Map

  • Land Size of Albania : 27,398 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Albania : mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
  • Albanian Population : 3,544,808 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : People's Socialist Republic of Albania
  • Albanian Capital City: Tirana
  • Albanian GDP: $16.13 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
  • Agricultural products : wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits,
    sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
  • Albanian Currency : lek (ALL)
  • Main Colors of the Albanian Flag : Red with black emblem
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  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
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Concise History of Albania & its Flag
  • The first inhabitants of Albania were the Illyrians who were descendants of Indo-Europeans
  • 358BC - Greeks led by Philip II of Macedonia conquered the territory
  • 229BC - AD 395 - Romans occupy the country and divide Albania between Dalmatia, Epirus, and Macedonia
  • 395 - 700's - Decline of the Roman Empire and Albania subjected to assaults from the Goths,  Huns, Serbs, Croats, and Bulgars
  • 732 - Constantinople and the Byzantine empire claim Albania
  • 700's- 1300's - The influence of Christianity with Catholic and Orthodox churches, leaving Christians in southern Albania under Constantinople and those in northern Albania under the Pope in Rome
  • 1385 -  Albanian clans pay tribute and swear fealty to the Ottoman Empire (The Ottoman empire, with Islamic traditions and culture, lasted until the twentieth century)
  • 1443 to 1468 - Gjergj Kastrioti ( known as Skanderbeg ) leads an Albanian revolt and begins holy war against the Ottoman Empire which results in a brief independence
    • 1478 - Falls to Ottoman Turks and Christians are forced to convert to Islam
    • 1500's - 1800's - Two thirds of the Albanian population convert to Islam
    • 1822 - Albanian leader Ali Pasha is assassinated by Ottoman agents for promoting an autonomous state
    • 1877-1878 - Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman influence in Albania is subsequently weakened
    • 1912 - Balkan Wars begins and Albania is claimed as an independent state
    • 1913 - Treaty of Bucharest ends Balkan Wars and Albania is recognized as an independent state ruled by a constitutional monarchy

The Flag and Nation of Albania

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Afghanistan has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flag and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game.


Albanian Flag

Albanian Flag - Picture - Information - Facts - History - Albanian Flag - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol  - Albanian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Information  - Albanian Flag - Pictures - Facts - History - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning  - Albanian Flag - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol - Hoist - Fly - Canton - Albanian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Albanian Flag - Albanian Flag - Outdoor Flags - house Flags - Military Flags - Historical Flags - Patriotic Flags - Buy Flags - Historic Flags - National Flags - Writtn By Linda Alchin