Austrian Flag

Austrian Flag



The Flag of Austria - Description of the Austrian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Austrian Flag indicates the overall background is Red and White
  • The description of the Austrian Flag is as follows:
    • three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Austrian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The shape and flag ratio of the Austrian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Austrian Flag - The Austrian flag was adopted in the 1200's by Frederick II Babenberg as Duke of Austria
  • The Civil Flag of Austria was adopted on May 1, 1945

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Austrian Flag Etiquette
  • Austrian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Austrian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Austrian
    • State Flag of Austrian
    • Military Flag of Austrian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Austrian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Austrian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Austrian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Austrian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Austrian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Austrian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Austrian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect


Location: Central Europe,
north of Italy and

National Flags of the World Map

  • Austrian Land Size : 82,444 sq km
  • Austrian Climate / Weather : temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
  • Austrian Population : 8,174,762 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : n/a
  • Austrian Capital City: Vienna
  • Austrian GDP: $245.5 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Austrian Industries : construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
  • Austrian Agricultural products : grains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit;dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber
  • Austrian Currency : euro (EUR)
  • Main Colors of the Austrian Flag : Red and White
The Celts and Ancient Austrian History
  • Bronze and Iron Age - The emergence of the Celts across Europe
  • 400BC - By this time the ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many European countries including Austria, Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany, Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary
  • The Celts were people from various tribes and were called Galli by the Romans and Galatai or Keltoi by the Greeks. These terms all had one meaning in common - barbarian
  • It is from the greek Keltoi that Celt is derived
  • Despite the name of Barbarian the Celtic society was based almost entirely on pastoralism and the raising of cattle or sheep
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire. Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Roman name for the region of Europe occupied by the Celts. The word Gaul commonly refers to a Celt inhabitant of that region in ancient times
  • 224 - 220 BC - Rome conquered the Celts
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 280 BC - The Celts sacked many Greek cities
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 50-100AD - The spread of Christianity
  • 476 AD The Roman Empire collapsed
  • Middle Ages - Various different cultures emerged in the lands of the Celts and the history of each country changed accordingly
  • The above information provides a concise background to the Ancient Austrian civilisations
Concise History of Austria & its Flag
  • 700's Austria came under the rule of Charlemagne, king of the Franks
  • 900s The Magyars from Hungary overran Austrian
  • 955 Otto I of Germany defeated the Magyars and Austria came under German rule
  • 962 Otto I of Germany was crowned as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  • 976 Otto II gave North-eastern Austria to the Babenberg family
  • 1242 The last Babenberg duke died without an heir
  • 1242 King Ottokar of Bohemia gained control of the Austrian territory
  • 1278 Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf I of the Hapsburg family defeated King Ottokar
  • 1500s The Ottoman Empire invaded Austria
  • 1600s The Ottomans were defeated and driven out of the Austrian region
  • 1618 The Protestants in Bohemia revolted against the Catholic Habsburg emperor starting the Thirty Years' War
  • 1648 The Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War and the Habsburgs declared Roman Catholicism as the official Austrian religion
  • 1700 The Habsburg king of Spain died
  • 1701-1714 The War of Spanish Succession started between Austria and France and Austria won Belgium and Spain's Italian lands
  • Late 1700s-1815 The Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815 Napoleon was defeated
  • 1859 Austria declared war on Sardinia and were defeated by Italian and French forces
  • 1867 The Dual-Monarchy of Austria-Hungary was established
  • 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne, was assassinated starting World War I
  • Austria joined Germany in fighting the Allies
  • 3 November 1918 World War I ended
  • 12 November 1918 The last Habsburg Emperor was overthrown and Austria became a republic
    1938 German troops under the rule of Adolf Hitler seized Austrian lands and announced its union
  • September 1939 World War II starts
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 The Allies of World War II defeated Germany
  • 1945 As a result of World War II Austrian territory was divided into American, British, French, and Soviet Zones
  • 1954 The four powers ended their occupation of Austria
  • 1 January 1955 Austria joined the European Union
"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
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  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
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The Austrian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Austrian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun! If you answer all questions correctly you will earn the right to enter the Vexillologist Hall of Fame!


Austrian Flag

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