Bulgarian Flag

Bulgarian Flag



The Flag of Bulgaria - Description of the Bulgarian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Bulgarian Flag indicates the background is tri-color - Red, green and white
  • The description of the Bulgarian Flag is as follows:
    • three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Bulgarian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Green - hope, joy and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Bulgarian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Bulgarian Flag - the national emblem formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe has been removed from the flag - it contained a rampant lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the dates 681 (first Bulgarian state established) and 1944 (liberation from Nazi control)

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Bulgarian Flag Etiquette
  • Bulgarian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Bulgarian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Bulgarian
    • State Flag of Bulgarian
    • Military Flag of Bulgarian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Bulgarian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Bulgarian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Bulgarian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Bulgarian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Bulgarian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Bulgarian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Bulgarian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a modern flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Bulgarian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Bulgarian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Bulgarian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Bulgarian flag to the top, then lowering the Bulgarian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Bulgarian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Bulgarian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Bulgarian flag
  • The Bulgarian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Bulgarian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Bulgarian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Bulgarian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Bulgarian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: South-eastern Europe,
bordering the Black Sea,
between Romania
 and Turkey

  • Bulgarian Land Size : 110,550 sq km
  • Bulgarian Climate / Weather : temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
  • Bulgarian Population : 7,517,973 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : n/a
  • Bulgarian Capital City: Sofia
  • Bulgarian GDP: $57.13 billion (2003 est.)
  • Bulgarian Main Industries : electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
  • Bulgarian Agricultural products : vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets
  • Bulgarian Currency : lev (BGL)
  • Main Colors of the Bulgarian Flag : Red, green and white
The Slavs

The Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:

  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarian, Romanian, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs'

Concise History of Bulgaria & its Flag

  • 4,000 BC First known inhabitants were Thracians who lived in the area of Varna on the Black Sea
  • 359-336BC Philip II ruled the Kingdom of Macedonia
  • 585BC The Greeks, Byzantines and Turks settled in the area
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire to include Bulgaria
  • 50-100AD - The spread of Christianity
  • 476 AD The Roman Empire collapsed
  • 650 The Bulgars founded a kingdom in the south-eastern Balkans that became known as Bulgaria
  • 864 Khan Boris of the Bulgarians is baptized as an Orthodox Christian; the Bulgarians adopt Christianity from Constantinople
    867 Basil I becomes the Byzantine emperor and establishes the Macedonian dynasty
  • 1014 Oct 6, The Byzantine Emperor Basil earned the title "Slayer of Bulgers" after he ordered the blinding of 15,000 Bulgarian troops
  • 1878 Mar 3, Russia and the Ottomans (Turkish Empire) signed the treaty of San Stefano and lost its possession of Bulgaria and Romania
  • Russians gained influence over the Ottoman Empire and an autonomous Bulgarian state was created
  • 1885 Nov 17, The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invade Bulgaria but re repulsed by the Bugarians led by Stefan Stambolov
  • 1885 Nov 26 Bulgaria moves into Serbia
  • 1886 Mar 3, The Treaty of Bucharest concludes the Serb - Bulgarian war
  • 1886 The Cathedral of the Assumption was built in Varna
  • 1894 Jan 30 - Boris III czar of Bulgaria (1918-43)  was born (1894 - 1943)
  • 1903 Sep 8 - Monastir Massacre when between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children were massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising
  • 1908 Sep 22 - Bulgaria declared independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1912 Oct 17 - Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on Turkey starting the First Balkan War
  • 1913 Mar 26 - The Bulgarian capture of Adrianople, ending the First Balkan War
  • 1913 Jun 30, Fighting broke out between Bulgaria and ex-allies Greece and Spain starting the Second Balkan War
  • 1913 Aug 10, The Treaty of Bucharest ended the Second Balkan War
  • 1914 - 1918 First World War - Bulgaria fights on the losing side
  • 1919 Nov 27, Bulgaria signed peace treaty with Allies and recognizes Yugoslavian independence
  •  1930 Oct 4, King Boris Cobourgh-Gotha III married Giovanna of Savoy, the daughter of King Vittorio Emanuele
  • 1933 Feb 27, Germany's parliament building, the Reichstag, caught fire. The Nazis blamed the Communists and used the fire as a pretext for suspending civil liberties and increasing their power
  • 1939-1945 World War 11
  • 1943 Dec 10, Allied forces bomb Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria
  • 1943 King Boris Cobourgh-Gotha III dies shortly after he yielded to pressure from Adolph Hitler to ally with Nazi Germany
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • Prince Simeon accedes to the thrown
  • 1946 Sep 8 Bulgaria abolishes the Bulgarian monarchy
  • 1950 Feb 21 The United States formally broke relations with Bulgaria
  • 1955 May 14 Representatives from eight Communist bloc countries: Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland
  • 1971 May 18  Bulgarian constitution is created based on Communism
  • 1989 Nov - Communist ruler Todor Zhivkov was thrown out of office after a 35-year Bulgarian dictatorship
  • 1990 Feb 3 The Bulgarian parliament elected Andrei Lukanov to replace a hard-line Communist as Bulgarian premier
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The Bulgarian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Bulgarian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Bulgarian Flag

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