Cambodia Flag

Cambodia Flag



Flag of Cambodia - Description of the Cambodia Flag

  • As the above picture of the Cambodia Flag indicates the overall background is Red and Blue
  • The description of the Cambodian Flag is as follows:
    • three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width) and blue
    • a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat* outlined in black in the center of the red band
  • the Cambodian flag is the only flag in the world to incorporate a building in its design
  • Angkor Wat*  is thought to be world's largest religious structure
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Cambodia flag represent the following: Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour

  •  Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice


  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Cambodia flag is described as Border Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Cambodia flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The emblem on the Cambodia flag pictures the temple of Ankgor Wat
  •  (white and green shield with a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing
  • The Meaning & History of the Cambodia Flag* - The Cambodia emblem depicts Angkor Wat which is a temple located in the city of Angkor in the North-West of Cambodia. Angkor was the Capital of the Ancient Khmer Empire founded in the 800's AD. The Temple of Angkor Wat was dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu by King Suryavarman II who reigned between AD 1131 and 1150 and the temple was built during this period. The monument consists of five towers which are believed to represent the five peaks of Mount Meru, the Home of Gods and Center of the Hindu Universe. The Ancient Khmer Empire collapsed and Angkor Wat was turned into a Buddhist Temple.

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Cambodia Flag Etiquette
  • Cambodia Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Cambodia as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Cambodia
    • State Flag of Cambodia
    • Military Flag of Cambodia (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Cambodia
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Cambodia Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Cambodia should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Cambodia flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Cambodia should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Cambodia flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Cambodia, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a modern flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Cambodia Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Cambodia flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Cambodia flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Cambodia flag to the top, then lowering the Cambodia Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Cambodia flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Cambodia flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Cambodia flag
  • The Cambodia flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Cambodia flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Cambodia flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Cambodia Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Cambodia Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: South - Eastern Asia,
 bordering the Gulf of Thailand,
between Thailand, Vietnam,
and Laos

  • Land Size of Cambodia : 176,520 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Cambodia : tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
  • Population of Cambodia : 13,363,421
  • Former Name(s) : Kingdom of Cambodia, Khmer Republic, Democratic Kampuchea, People's Republic of Kampuchea, State of Cambodia
  • Capital City of Cambodia : Phnom Penh
  • GDP of Cambodia : $22.76 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
  • Agricultural products : rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca
  • Currency of Cambodia : riel (KHR)
  • Main Colors of Cambodia Flag : Red and Blue
The Flag and Nation of Cambodia

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Cambodia has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!

Concise History of Cambodia & its Flag
  • 600's - 1500's the Khmer civilization
  • 1863 - Cambodia becomes a protectorate of France and became part of French Indo-china
  • French colonial rule lasts for 90 years
  • 1941 - 1945 - Cambodia is occupied by Japan during World War II
  • 1946 - France re-imposes its protectorate
  • 1953 - Cambodia declares independence from France
  • 1953 - Becomes the Kingdom of Cambodia
  • 1965 - Head of State Sihanouk breaks off relations with the US
  • 1965 - North Vietnamese guerrillas to set up bases in Cambodia to pursue their campaign against the US-backed government in South Vietnam
  • 1970 - Sihanouk is deposed
  • 1975 - The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, occupy Phnom Penh
  • 1975 - Cambodia is re-named Kampuchea
  • 1976 - The country is re-named Democratic Kampuchea
  • 1977 - Fighting breaks out with Vietnam
  • 1978 - Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia
  • 1979 January - The Vietnamese take Phnom Penh
  • 1979 - Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge forces flee to the borders with Thailand
  • 1979 -  The People's Republic of Kampuchea is established
  • 1989 - Vietnamese troops withdraw
  • 1989 - The country is re-named the State of Cambodia
  • 1997 - The Khmer Rouge put Pol Pot on trial and sentence him to life imprisonment
  • 1998 Pol Pot dies

Cambodia Flag

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