Canadian Flag

Canadian Flag



Flag of Canadian - Description of the Canadian Flag
  • As the above picture of  the Canadian Flag indicates the overall color is red and white
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Canadian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
  • The official Canadian colours were proclaimed in 1921 by King George V
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Canadian flag is described as Emblem - reflecting the central design of the flag pattern

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Canadian flag is described as 1:2 ( length twice the height )
  • The left half of the flag ( viewer's left side ) is called the Hoist and red dominates half the width
  • The right half of the flag is called the Fly and also features the color red on half the width
  • The center of the flag is a  white square between the two vertical bands of red
  • them;
  • The emblem on the Canadian flag pictures an 11-pointed red maple leaf which is centered in the white square
  • The Meaning & History of the Canadian Flag - The Maple Leaf emblem has no specific significance other than what it depicts - a stylized representation of a natural maple leaf
  • The National Flag of Canada is popularly referred to as the Maple Leaf Flag
  • The French name is l'Unifoliť meaning the "the one-leaved"

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Canadian Flag Etiquette
  • Canadian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Canadian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Canadian
    • State Flag of Canadian
    • Military Flag of Canadian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Canadian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Canadian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Canadian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Canadian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Canadian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Canadian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Canadian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Canadian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Canadian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Canadian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Canadian flag to the top, then lowering the Canadian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Canadian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Canadian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Canadian flag
  • The Canadian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Canadian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Canadian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Canadian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Canadian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean
on the east, North Pacific
Ocean on the west, and
the Arctic Ocean
on the north

  • Canadian Land Size : 9,984,670 sq km
  • Canadian Climate / Weather : varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
  • Canadian Population : 32,507,874 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : N/A
  • Capital City of Canada : Ottawa
  • Canadian GDP : $957.7 billion (2003 est.)
  • Canadian Main Industries :  transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products; wood and paper products; fish products, petroleum and natural gas
  • Currency of Canada : Canadian dollar (CAD)
  • Canadian Agricultural products : wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish
  • Main Colors of Canada Flag : Red and White
Concise History of the Canadian Flag
  • Canada used the British Union Jack as its official national flag, prior to Confederation
  • The Canadian flag was designed by George Stanley and inspired by the Royal Military College of Canada flag
  • The Canadian flag was officially proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth II on February 15, 1965
  • February 15 has since been commemorated as National Flag of Canada Day
  • The word Canada originated a Huron Iroquoian word - Kanata meaning "village" which referred to the settlement of Stadacona which was situated on the site of Quebec City
  • The first people of Canada were the Native Americans and the Inuit
  • The Inuit were believed to have originated from the Artic
  • The Vikings travelled and settled to the Canadian land in the 1000's
  • Europeans, notably the French, settled in Canada in the 1500's & 1600's
  • In the 1700' the Canadian colony was passed to the British
  • In the 1700' the Canadian colony was passed to the British
  • In 1867 the Dominion of Canada was formed and self-government was granted to Ontario (formerly Upper Canada), Quebec (formerly Lower Canada), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia
  • 1914 - 1918 WW1
  • In 1931 other British colonies and territories joined the confederation
  • 1939 - 1945 WW11
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • In 1982 the Canadian constitution was adopted
The Flag and Nation of Canada

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Canadian Flag and Country of Canada has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flag and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun! If you answer all questions correctly you will earn the right to enter the Vexillologist Hall of Fame!


Canadian Flag

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