Chinese Flag

Chinese Flag



The Flag of China - Description of the Chinese Flag
  • As the above picture of the Chinese Flag indicates the overall background is Red
  • The description of the Chinese Flag is as follows:
    • red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Chinese flag represent the following:
    • Red - The Red Earth and the color which is the well known symbol of communism
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The shape and flag ratio of the Chinese flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The upper left quarter of the flag is called the Canton and pictures a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars which are believed to represent the four classes - the peasants, the workers, the petty bourgeoisie and the patriotic capitalists
  • The Meaning & History of the Chinese Flag - The Chinese flag originally had a hammer and sickle embedded within the largest star which represented the unity of the Communist Party combined with the strength of the government and its people

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Chinese Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Chinese flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Chinese flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Chinese flag to the top, then lowering the Chinese Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Chinese flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Chinese flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Chinese flag
  • The Chinese flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Chinese flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Chinese flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Chinese Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Chinese Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Chinese Flag Etiquette
  • Chinese Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Chinese as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Chinese
    • State Flag of Chinese
    • Military Flag of Chinese (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Chinese
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Chinese Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Chinese should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Chinese flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Chinese should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Chinese flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Chinese, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Eastern Asia, bordering
the East China Sea, Korea Bay,
Yellow Sea, and South China Sea,
between North Korea
and Vietnam

  • Land Size of China : 9,326,410 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of China : extremely diverse; tropical in south to sub-arctic in north
  • Chinese Population : 1,298,847,624 (July 2004 est.)
  • Chinese Capital City: Beijing
  • Chinese GDP: $6.449 trillion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : iron and steel, coal, machine building, armaments, textiles and apparel, petroleum, cement, chemical fertilizers, footwear, toys, food processing, automobiles, consumer electronics, telecommunications
  • Agricultural products : rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed, pork, fish
  • Chinese Currency : yuan (CNY) - also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB)
  • Main Colors of the Chinese Flag : Red
Concise History of China & its Flag
  • 10,000 BC - The Chinese civilization emerged from two Stone Age cultures of the Yangshao and the Longshan
  • 1766-1122 BC The Shang dynasty
  • 1122-256 BC The Shang dynasty collapsed and was replaced by the Zhou dynasty
  • 500 BC Chinese philosopher Confucius ( 551-479 BC ) introduced new moral and political standards
  • 221 BC Shi Huangdi became the first emperor of China when the Qin empire was established
  • 202 BC The Han dynasty
  • 8 AD - The Xin dynasty controlled by Wang Mang was established
  • 25 AD - 220 AD The Han dynasty regained control of China and Buddhism was introduced
  • 220 - 581 AD The period known as the "Six Dynasties" when various tribes took control of China
  • 581-618 The Sui dynasty took control
  • 618 - 907 The Tang dynasty
  • 907 - 960 "Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms" all struggled to gain control of China
  • 960 - 1279 The Song dynasty
  • 1200s The Mongols led by Kublai Khan (1214-1294) invaded China
  • 1279 The Mongol dynasty of Yuan under Kublai Khan took control of China
  • 1275-1292 Marco Polo (1254-1324) travelled through China, his journey lasted 24 years
  • 1277 Kublai Khan appointed Marco Polo as an official of the Privy Council
  • 1295 Marco Polo returns to Venice
  • 1368 The Chinese rebelled and ousted the Mongol leadership and the Ming dynasty began its rule
  • 1500s European traders started journeys to China for the Chinese silks and spices - Europeans were viewed as Barbarians
  • 1644 The Manchurians invaded China and set up the Qing dynasty (1681-1796)
  • 1839 - The Opium War broke out and the victors were Great Britain
  • 1842 The Treaty of Nanjing ended the Opium War and Hong Kong was given to Great Britain
  • 1890s Chinese opposition, led by the Boxers, to Western and Christian influences in China
  • 1900 The Empress Dowager Tsu Hsi encouraged the Boxer Rebellion which was defeated by  Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, America and Russia
  • 14 October 1911 Revolution in China  forcing the abdication of the last Chinese emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi
  • December 1911 - The Republic of China was established
  • 12 February 1912 - The abdication of the last Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi and the war lords took control
  • 1922 The republic failed due to Civil war
  • 1919 Sun Yat-sen began to reorganize the Nationalist Party with help from the Soviet Union
  • 1925 Chiang Kai-shek became the new leader of the Nationalists on the death of Sun
  • 12 December 1927 Communists forces seized Canton and over the years set up 15 Communist bases
  • 1934 Chiang Kai-shek  forced the communists to evacuate
  • 13 December 1937 Japan attacked China
  • 8 December 1941 China joined the Allies in World War II
  • August 1945 War ended with Japan
  • 1946 Fighting broke out between the Nationalist and the Communists
  • January 1949 Mao Zedong pushed the nationalists to southern China and proclaimed the People's Republic of China and Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan
  • 1949-1952 The Communists establish control
  • 1966 The Cultural Revolution started instigating civil unrest
  • 1967 Mao ordered the army to restore order and the Communists began to regain control
  • 19 September 1984 The United Kingdom and China signed an agreement that would return Hong Kong to China
  • 18 May 1989 In China a million protestors demanding freedom of speech filled Tiananmen Square, Peking
  • 2 June 1989 Another non-violent protest in Tiananmen Square when more than 100 students and other civilians were killed when Chinese soldiers opened fire
  • 1 July 1997 Hong Kong became a part of China
The Chinese Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Chinese Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun! If you answer all questions correctly you will earn the right to enter the Vexillologist Hall of Fame!


Chinese Flag

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