Colombian Flag

Colombian Flag



The Flag of Colombia - Description of the Colombian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Colombian Flag indicates the background is tri-color - three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Colombian flag represent the following:
    • Yellow - a symbol of generosity
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The shape and flag ratio of the Colombian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1˝ times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Colombian Flag
    • The inspiration and design for the Colombian flag came from the instigator of South American Independence, General Francisco Gabriel de Miranda (1750-1816)
    • It was then adopted by the Republics of Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela
    • These three countries formed a confederation from 1822 until 1830 when they each became separate nations
    • The flag has remained the same for the three sovereign states with only slight differences distinguishing one flag from the others
  • The Colombian flag was adopted on November 26, 1861

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Colombian Flag Etiquette
  • Colombian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Colombian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Colombian
    • State Flag of Colombian
    • Military Flag of Colombian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Colombian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Colombian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Colombian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Colombian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Colombian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Colombian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Colombian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Colombian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Colombian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Colombian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Colombian flag to the top, then lowering the Colombian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Colombian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Colombian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Colombian flag
  • The Colombian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Colombian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Colombian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Colombian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Colombian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea,
between Panama and Venezuela,
and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama

  • Colombian Land Size : 1,038,700 sq km
  • ColombianClimate / Weather : tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
  • Colombian Population : 42,310,775 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : n/a
  • Colombian Capital City: Bogota
  • Colombian GDP: $262.5 billion (2003 est.)
  • Colombian Main Industries : textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
  • Colombian Agricultural products : coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp
  • Colombian Currency : Colombian peso (COP)
  • Main Colors of the Colombian Flag : yellow, blue and red
  • Commonly mis-spelt as Columbian
South America - Concise History of the  Mesoamerican civilisations
  • Mesoamericans were the ancient civilisations of South America which is now divided into 12 independent countries consisting of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela
  • The diverse civilizations of ancient Mesoamerica included the Olmecs, Toltecs, Aztecs, Incas and Mayans
  • 5000-1200 BC
    The Ancestors of the people of South America were believed to have been nomadic Asian hunter-gatherers who crossed over the frozen Bering Strait and into North America. From there they traveled to the lands of South America and were the descendents of the great Mesoamerican civilisations and established corn cultivation, pottery and the use of stone tools
  • The Olmecs - 1200 BC- 300 AD
    The Olmecs were the first true civilisation of South America and were the ancestors of the later cultures
  • The Mayan Civilisation - 300 - 1500's
  • The Mayans empire covered Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. The Mayans developed astronomy and hieroglyphic writing
  • The Toltec Civilisation - 900's - 1100's
    The Toltecs ruled Mexico and Guatemala from the 10th to the 12th century
  • The Aztec Civilisation - 1100'S- 1500'S
    The Aztecs' rose to power in Mexico during the 12th and 13th centuries and remained in control until the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th Century
  • The Inca Civilisation - 1438 - 1535
    The empire of the Incas covered Peru, Bolivia, northern Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador. The amazing rise of the Incas was achieved in less than one hundred years and covered an area of nearly 400,000 square miles
  • The Spanish conquistadors - 1535
    The later civilisations of South America abruptly ended in 1535 when the Spanish conquistadors seized control
Concise History of Colombia & its Flag
  • 1535 Spanish Colombian conquest begins
  • 1525 The first permanent settlement in South America was founded at Santa Marta
  • 1536-1538 Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada (1509-1579) led an expedition into the Andes and obtained massive amounts of emeralds and gold
  • 1538 Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada founded Bogota as the capital of the 'New Kingdom of Granada'
  • 1550  Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada was appointed Marshal of New Granada and councillor of Bogotá for life. He died in 1579
  • 1550 African slaves were shipped to Colombia to work on Colombian plantations
  • 1564 The Spanish government appointed a president to govern the Colombian colony
  • 1700s Spain combined Colombia with neighboring territories into one large colony called the Viceroyalty of New Granada
  • The Viceroyalty of New Granada consisted of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama
  • Venezuelan General Francisco Gabriel de Miranda (1750-1816) participated in major political events for more than three decades
  • 1810 The territories of the Viceroyalty of New Granada set up their own independent governments
  • 1810 Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon
  • 1814 Spain sent troops to South America to quell the uprising of the colonists
  • 1819 General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of Boyaca on August 7 and the Republic of Colombia (also known as Gran Colombia) is proclaimed on December 17, consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador
  • 1819 Colombia gained its independence from Spain
  • Simon Bolivar established Gran Colombia and became the first Colombian president
  • 1830 Ecuador and Venezuela left Gran Colombia to became totally independent
  • 1853 Colombia adopted a constitution which abolished slavery
  • 1899-1902 Civil War - The War of the Thousand Days took place
  • 1903 Panama seceded from Colombia with US backing and allows US control over the strip of land now known as the Panama Canal zone
  • 1922 The United States paid Colombia $25 million for the loss of Panama
  • 1939-1945 Colombia helped the United States to keep the Panama Canal open during World War II
  • 1989 USA began supplying the Colombian government with military equipment to help rid Colombia of drug dealers
  • 2002 Alvaro Uribe Velez was elected Colombian president
"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
  • A combination of information regarding a Nation's flag, History, Geography and Current Events provides an accurate snapshot of the evolution of each country
  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
  • You can go "Around the World in 80 minutes!"
The Colombian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Colombian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Colombian Flag

Colombian Flag - Picture - Information - Facts - History - Colombian Flag - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol  - Colombian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Information  - Colombian Flag - Pictures - Facts - History - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning  - Colombian Flag - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol - Hoist - Fly - Canton - Colombian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Colombian Flag - Colombian Flag - Outdoor Flags - house Flags - Military Flags - Historical Flags - Patriotic Flags - Buy Flags - Historic Flags - National Flags - Writtn By Linda Alchin