Croatian Flag

Croatian Flag



Flag of Croatian - Description of the Croatian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Croatian Flag indicates the overall tricolor background is red, white and blue
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Croatian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Croatian flag is described as Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern of the red and white checkered Croatian coat of arms

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Croatian flag is described as 1:2 ( length twice the height )
  • The emblem on the Croatian flag pictures the Croatian coat of arms
  • The flag in this form has been used since 1991
  • The Meaning & History of the Croatian Flag - The Croatian emblem depicts a red/white checkerboard coat of arms which has been a symbol of Croatian kings for many centuries. The five crowning coats of arms represent the originating regions:
    • Central Croatia & the capital city Zagreb
    • Republic of Dubrovnik
    • Dalmatia
    • Istria
    • Slavonia

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Croatian Flag Etiquette
  • Croatian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Croatian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Croatian
    • State Flag of Croatian
    • Military Flag of Croatian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Croatian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Croatian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Croatian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Croatian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Croatian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Croatian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Croatian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Croatian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Croatian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Croatian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Croatian flag to the top, then lowering the Croatian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Croatian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Croatian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Croatian flag
  • The Croatian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Croatian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Croatian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Croatian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Croatian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: South-eastern Europe,
bordering the Adriatic Sea,
between Bosnia and
Herzegovina and

  • Croatian Land Size : 56,542 sq km
  • Croatian Climate / Weather : Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
  • Croatian Population : 4,496,869 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : N/A
  • Croatian Capital City : Zagreb
  • GDP of Croatia : $47.14 billion (2003 est.)
  • Croatian Main Industries :  chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages; tourism
  • Currency of Croatia : kuna (HRK)
  • Croatian Agricultural products : wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
  • Main Colors of Croatian Flag : Red, white and blue
The Slavs
The Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:
  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarians, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs'

Concise History of Croatia & its Flag

  • Croatia was part of the Roman Empire
  • Slavs settled the region in the 7th century
  • In the 11th & 12th century the nation of Hungary controlled Croatia
  • In 1463 the Ottoman Turks conquered the region
  • In 1868, Croatia gained domestic autonomy while remaining under Hungarian authority
  • Following World War I Croatia joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes which became Yugoslavia in 1929
  • World War II - Croatia was named the Independent State of Croatia
  • The 1950's saw the establishment of the Communist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under Josip Broz Tito
  • Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
  • The Croatian national flag was adopted in 1991
  • Inter-ethnic Croatian civil strife for three years from 1992 until 1995 between the Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats
  • Peace agreement was signed in Paris on December 14, 1995
"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
  • A combination of information regarding a Nation's flag, History, Geography and Current Events provides an accurate snapshot of the evolution of each country
  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
  • You can go "Around the World in 80 minutes!"
The Flag and Nation of Croatia

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Croatia has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flag and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Croatian Flag

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