Czech Republic Flag

Czech Republic Flag



Flag of the Czech Republic - Description of the Czech Republic Flag

  • As the above picture of the Czech Republic Flag indicates the overall background is Red, blue and white
  • The description of the Czech Republic Flag is as follows:
    • Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red (bottom)
    • Blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Czech Republic flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Czech Republic flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Czech Republic Flag - Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovensko in Czech and in Slovak) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1992. On January 1, 1993, it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Czech Republic Flag Etiquette
  • Czech Republic Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Czech Republic as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Czech Republic
    • State Flag of Czech Republic
    • Military Flag of Czech Republic (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Czech Republic
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Czech Republic Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Czech Republic should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Czech Republic flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Czech Republic should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • A Flag of Czech Republic, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Czech Republic Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Czech Republic flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Czech Republic flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Czech Republic flag to the top, then lowering the Czech Republic Flag halfway
  • Manner of hoisting - The Czech Republic flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Czech Republic flag
  • The Czech Republic flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Czech Republic flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Czech Republic flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Czech Republic Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Czech Republic Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map

Czech Republic

Location: Central Europe,
southeast of Germany

Czech Republic
  • Land Size of Czech Republic : 77,276 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Czech Republic : temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
  • Population of Czech Republic : 10,246,178 (July 2004 est.)
  • Capital City of Czech Republic : Prague
  • GDP of Czech Republic : $160.5 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
  • Agricultural products : wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
  • Currency of Czech Republic : Czech koruna (CZK)
  • Main Colors of Czech Republic Flag : Red, blue and white
Concise History of the Czech Republic & its Flag

Slovene History Background
The Czech Republic was part of Czechoslovakia until the "velvet divorce" in January 1993. The following timeline therefore follows the rich history of  Czechoslovakia and the Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:

  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarians, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs

History of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic

  • Bronze and Iron Age - The emergence of the Celts across Europe
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire
  • 476 AD The Roman Empire collapsed
  • 550 Slovenes begin settling in eastern Alps
  • 700's The rule of Charlemagne, king of the Franks
  • 750-800 Slovenes Christianized
  • 830 The Great Moravian Empire was established
  • 907 The Moravian Empire collapsed with the Hungarian invasion
  • 962 - Holy Roman Empire established
  • 1085 Vratislav II was granted the royal crown and become the first Czech king starting the Premyslid dynasty
  • 1306 The Premyslid dynasty ends with the death of King Wenceslas III
  • 1414 John Huss (Jan Hus) spoke against the corruption of the Catholic Church and conducted his sermons in Czech so it could be understood by ordinary people
  • 1415 John Huss (Jan Hus) burnt at the stake
  • 1420 to 1434 The Hussite Wars
  • 1458 The Hussites elected a Czech Protestant, George of Podebrady as the country's new king
  • 1526 - 1790 The Hapsburg Dynasty
  • 1740-1780 The duke of Bavaria, Charles Albert, was proclaimed king by the Czech nobility but Maria Theresa (1717-17800) daughter of Holy Roman Emperor rules with her accession to the Hapsburg lands
  • 1764-1790 Her son, Joseph II's reign
  • 1760s The period of Slovene Enlightenment. The provinces of the Czech and Austrian territories were subdivided into administrative districts and German became the official language
  • 1769 Napoleon Bonaparte is born in Corsica (1769-1821)
  • Late 1700s-1815 The Napoleonic Wars
  • 1809-1813 Illyrian Provinces established by Napoleon which included Slovene lands
  • 1815 Napoleon was defeated
  • 1848 the Czechs convened the first Slavic Congress to discuss the possibility of political consolidation of Austrian Slavs, including Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenians (Ukrainians), Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs
  • 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne, was assassinated starting World War I
  • 3 November 1918 World War I ended
  • 12 November 1918 The last Habsburg Emperor was overthrown
  • 1918 October 28 The fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I, the Czech lands and Slovakia jointly proclaimed the establishment of independent Czechoslovakia
  • 1938 September Germany, Britain, France and Italy sign the Munich Pact, giving Hitler the right to invade and claim Czechoslovakia's border areas
  • 1939 March 15 Czechoslovakia invaded by Hitler's army
  • 1945 May 5, 1945 Prague Uprising and the territories of the Czech Republic liberated
  • May 1945 World War II ends
  • 1942 Slovene Covenant established
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 World War II ends
  • 1945 - 1989 The Communist Era
  • 1980's - The Russian perestroika was introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev marked the last years of communism in Czechoslovakia
  • August 21, 1968, five Warsaw Pact member countries invade Czechoslovakia and Soviet troops continue to occupy the country until 1989
  • 1989 November The Velvet Revolution brought an end to communism
  • 1993 January 1 Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two independent countries, Czech Republic and Slovakia


The Flag and Nation of Czech Republic

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Czech Republic has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Czech Republic Flag

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