Danish Flag

Danish Flag



The Flag of Denmark - Description and Picture of the Danish Flag
  • As the above picture of the Danish Flag indicates the overall background is Red
  • The description of the Danish Flag is as follows:
    • Red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag
    • The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Danish flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour

  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Danish flag is described as Scandinavian Cross reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Danish flag is described as 28:37
  • The left half of the flag ( viewer's left side ) is called the Hoist and pictures the vertical part of the cross
  • The Meaning & History of the Danish Flag - The National flag of Denmark is known as the Dannebrog which means "Danish cloth"
    • The origins of the Danish flag are unknown but it is likely that they derive from the Danish coats of arms used during the Crusades
    • Another possible explanation of the origins and meaning of the Danish Flag is that it it based on the coat of arms of Lubeck which was red with a white cross
    • The first Danish king  was also king of Lubeck
    • Lubeck was founded on the site of a ruined Slavic settlement on the Trave River near the Baltic Sea
    • Lubeck was destroyed by fire in 1138

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Danish Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Danish flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Danish flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Danish flag to the top, then lowering the Danish Flag halfway
  • Manner of hoisting - The Danish flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Danish flag
  • The Danish flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Danish flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Danish flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Danish Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Danish Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Danish Flag Etiquette
  • Danish Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Danish as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Danish
    • State Flag of Danish
    • Military Flag of Danish (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Danish
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Danish Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Danish should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Danish flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Danish should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Danish flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Danish, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern Europe, bordering
the Baltic Sea & the North Sea, on
a peninsula north of Germany
(Jutland); also includes
two major islands
(Sjaelland and Fyn)



  • Danish Land Size : 42,394 sq km

  • Danish Climate / Weather : temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
  • Danish Population : 5,413,392 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : n/a
  • Danish Capital City: Copenhagen
  • Danish GDP: $167.7 billion (2003 est.)
  • Danish Main Industries : food processing, machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, chemical products, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding, windmills
  • Danish Agricultural products : barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
  • Danish Currency : Danish krone (DKK)
  • Main Colors of the Danish Flag : Red and white

The Vikings  AD793 - 1050 The Viking Age

The Vikings were prolific seafaring warriors from Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In Norse the word 'víking' means piracy and the Vikings were best known as raiders rather than as disciplined soldiers. During the Viking Age the Vikings terrorised Europe, including Russia, and established Viking settlements in Greenland, Newfoundland and quite probably discovered the Americas 500 years before Christopher Columbus.

Their narrow, long boats were key to their success allowing them to access countries via rivers. In 845AD the Viking Chieftain, Ragnor, led 120 Viking ships down the River Seine to Paris! The access to major cities via the rivers Vikings enabled the Vikings to settle and establish trading throughout Europe. The Vikings converted to Christianity, became assimilated into different civilisations and so ended the Viking Warrior culture.


The Viking Timeline

  • 793   Vikings first raid in England. The monastery of St. Cuthbert at Lindisfarne is sacked
  • 844   Vikings raid Seville in Spain
  • 845   Vikings, led by Ragnor, travel up the River Seine in France
  • 845   The French King pays a ransom to prevent the sacking of Paris
  • 860   Vikings attack Constantinople
  • 862   Vikings found Novgorod in Russia
  • 874   Vikings settle Iceland
  • 900   Vikings raid the Mediterranean coasts
  • 911   Vikings under Rollo are settled in Normandy
  • 981    Erik the Red discovers Greenland
  • 986    Vikings land in Canada
  • 1000  Greenland and Iceland are converted to Christianity by the Vikings
  • 1001  Leif Eriksson reaches the American coast
  • 1050  Vikings found the city of Oslo in Norway which is established as a major trade center
Concise History of Denmark & its Flag
  • 965: Harald Bluetooth (Harold I) converts the Danes to christianity
  • 1016: the Danish king Canute (Knut) II defeats the Wessex King Edmund and becomes King of Denmark and England
  • 1028: Danish Canute conquers Norway
  • 1035: Canute dies. The heir to Denmark and England is Hardacnut
  • 1042: Hardacnut dies suddenly and Edward the Confessor regains the throne of England
  • 1350: the Black plague, "Svartedauen" sweeps Denmark and Scandinavia killing one third of the inhabitants
  • 1397 - Union of Kalmar unites Denmark, Sweden and Norway under a single monarch. Denmark is the dominant power
  • 1660: Denmark becomes a hereditary monarchy under Frederik III
  • 1729: Greenland becomes a Danish province
  • 1814 - Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden
  • 1914-18 World War I - Denmark is neutral
  • 1939 - Denmark signs 10-year non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany
  • 1940 - Germany invades Denmark
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 - Germany surrenders and Danish occupation ends

The Danish Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Danish Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun! If you answer all questions correctly you will earn the right to enter the Vexillologist Hall of Fame!


Danish Flag

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