Egyptian Flag

Egyptian Flag



The Flag of Egypt - Description of the Egyptian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Egyptian Flag indicates the overall background is a tricolor consisting of Red, White and Black
  • The description of the Eygyptian Flag is as follows:
    • Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black
    • The national emblem (a shield superimposed on a golden eagle facing the hoist side above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Egyptian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Black - Determination

  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Egyptian flag is described as Emblem - reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Egyptian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The emblem on the Egyptian flag pictures the National emblem
  • The Meaning & History of the Egyptian Flag
    • The Egyptian National emblem represents the eagle of Saladin
    • From 1923 Egypt adopted a green flag depicting three stars within the crescent representing the peoples living in Egypt - the Muslims, Christians and Jews
  • The Egyptian flag was adopted on October 4, 1984

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Egyptian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Egyptian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Egyptian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Egyptian flag to the top, then lowering the Egyptian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Egyptian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Egyptian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Egyptian flag
  • The Egyptian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Egyptian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Egyptian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Egyptian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Egyptian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Egyptian Flag Etiquette
  • Egyptian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Egyptian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Egyptian
    • State Flag of Egyptian
    • Military Flag of Egyptian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Egyptian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Egyptian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Egyptian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Egyptian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Egyptian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Egyptian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Egyptian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern Africa, bordering
the Mediterranean Sea, between
Libya and the Gaza Strip, the
Red Sea north of Sudan, and
includes the Asian
Sinai Peninsula

  • Egyptian Land Size : land: 995,450 sq km
  • Egyptian Climate / Weather : desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
  • Egyptian Population : 76,117,421 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : United Arab Republic (with Syria)
  • Egyptian Capital City: Cairo
  • Egyptian GDP: $294.3 billion (2003 est.)
  • Egyptian Main Industries : textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
  • EgyptianAgricultural products : cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats
  • Egyptian Currency : Egyptian pound (EGP)
  • Main Colors of the Egyptian Flag : Red, White and Black
  • Commonly mis-spelt as Eygptian
History of the Ancient Egyptians
  • 3100 BC The Egyptian civilization began when King Menes founded the first Egyptian dynasty
  • 3100 -2950 BC The First and second dynasties ruled Egypt and began using hieroglyphics
  • 2950 -2575 BC The first Egyptian pyramid is built - the Step Pyramid at Saqqara for King Zoser
  • 2575 -2150 BC The Old Kingdom (the 4th-8th Dynasties) - The Great Pyramids were built at Dahshur and Giza
  • 2125 -1975 BC The 9th-11th Egyptian Dynasties the 1st Intermediate Period
  • 1975 -1640 The 11th-14th Egyptian Dynasties the Middle Kingdom - Amenemhet is the most notable pharoah
  • 1630 -1520 The 15th-17th Egyptian Dynasties the 2nd Intermediate Period
  • 1400s BC King Thutmose III and Ancient Egypt reached the height of its power when military expeditions brought the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea under Egyptian rule
  • 1539 -1075 The 18th-20th Egyptian Dynasties New Kingdom and he building of the tombs of the Valley of Kings. The Pharoahs included Hatshepsut (the female Pharoah), Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ramesses II. The Egyptians developed a permanent army
  • 1075-715 The 21st-25th Egyptian Dynasties the 3rd Intermediate Period - the Nubians conquer Egypt (late 8th century)
  • 715-332 The 20th-30th Egyptian Dynasties the Late Period and the Persians conquer Egypt in 525BC
  • 332 BC Alexander the Great conquered Egypt
  • Alexander the Great occupies Egypt and his general, Ptolemy, becomes king and founds a dynasty. Greek culture was spread throughout Egypt during this dynasty.
  • 196BC - The Rosetta Stone is carved
  • 51-30 BC - Cleopatra VII reigns
  • 37 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of the Ptolemies marries Mark Antony
  • 31 BC Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra in the Battle of Actium
  • 30 BC Egypt becomes a province of the Roman Empire (30 BC)
  • 642 AD The Arabs captured Alexandria and Egypt becomes an important part of the Islamic Empire
  • 868 - 969 The Tulunid and the Ikhshidid dynasty rule Egypt
  • 969 Fatimid rulers seize Egypt and found the Egyptian city Al-Qahirah (modern day Cairo)
  • The above information provides a concise background to the Ancient Egyptian civilisations
Concise History of Egypt & its Flag
  • 1100s Christian Crusaders from Europe invade Egypt
  • 1168 The Fatimid ruler receives help from Saladin who forces the Crusaders out of Egypt
  • 1171 Saladin overthrows the Fatimid ruler and becomes the sultan of Egypt  forming the Ayyubid dynasty
  • 1250 The Mamelukes seized control of Egypt andBaybars, the Mameluke general, became sultan
  • 1517 Ottoman forces invaded Egypt
  • Mid 1700s The Ottomans and the Mamelukes competed for Egyptian control
  • 1798 Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt and the Mamelukes were defeated in the Battle of the Pyramids
  • 1801 The French were forced out of Egypt by the Ottomans, with the help of the British
  • 1805 - 1849 Muhammad Ali, an officer in the Ottoman army, established himself as the ruler of Egypt and the Mamelukes
  • 1854-1863 Said Pasha ruled Egypt
  • 1859 The construction of the Suez Canal began
  • 1869 The Suez Canal opened and the British bought the Egyptian shares
  • Late 1800s-Early 1900s The Egyptian khdive ruled Egypt overseen by British administrators
  • 1914-1918 World War I
  • 1914 Egypt becomes a British protectorate
  • 1922 Egypt is granted its independence and an Egyptian constitutional monarchy is established
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II
  • 1940 Italian and German troops invade Egypt to try and capture the Suez Canal
  • 1942 The Allies halt the German advance in the Battle of El Alamein
  • 1945 Egypt formed the Arab League with other Arab nations
  • 1947 The United Nations vote to divide Palestine into a Jewish and Arab state
  • 1948 Israel was formed which prompted Egypt and other Arab nations to go to war
  • June 1953 Egypt was declared a republic
  • 1950s Egypt supported the Palestinian Arabs to regain control of Palestine from the Israelis
  • October 1956 Israel invaded Egypt and occupied the Sinai Peninsula
  • 1958 Syria and Egypt formed a political union called the United Arab Republic
  • 1961 Syria withdrew from the U.A.R.
  • 5 June 1967 The Six Day War
  • 1968 The Aswan High Dam opened
  • 1971 Sadat changed the official name of the country to the Arab Republic of Egypt
  • 1978 The Camp David Accords and Sadat meets with Israeli Prime Minster Menachem Begin in the USA. The agreement guaranteed the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt
  • 1979 Egypt was removed from the Arab League, because other Arab nations felt the Sadat had given up too much in the agreements with Israel
The Egyptian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Egyptian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Egyptian Flag

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