Finland Flag

Finland Flag



Flag of Finland - Description of the Finland Flag

  • As the above picture of the Finland Flag indicates the overall background is White with a blue cross
  • The description of the Finnish Flag is as follows:
    • White with a blue cross extending to the edges of the flag
    • The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Finland flag represent the following:
    • White -  represents snow and also peace and honesty
    • Blue - represents lakes and sky and also vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice

  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Finland flag is described as the Scandinavian Cross reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Finland flag is described as 11:18
  • The left half of the flag ( viewer's left side ) is called the Hoist and pictures the vertical part of the cross
  • The Meaning & History of the Finland Flag :
    • Finland was part of Sweden until incorporated into the Russian empire in 1809
    • Finland declared independence on 6 December 1917
    • 1918 Eero Snellman and Bruno Tuukkanen designed the official Finnish flag

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Finland Flag Etiquette
  • Finland Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Finland as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Finland
    • State Flag of Finland
    • Military Flag of Finland (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Finland
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Finland Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Finland should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Finland flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Finland should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • A Flag of Finland, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Finland Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Finland flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Finland flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Finland flag to the top, then lowering the Finland Flag halfway
  • Manner of hoisting - The Finland flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Finland flag
  • The Finland flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Finland flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Finland flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Finland Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Finland Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource.

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern Europe, bordering
the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia,
and Gulf of Finland, between
Sweden and Russia

  • Land Size of Finland : 305,470 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Finland : cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
  • Population of Finland : 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)
  • Capital City of Finland : Helsinki
  • GDP of Finland : $141.7 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
  • Agricultural products : barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish
  • Currency of Finland : euro (EUR)
  • Main Colors of Finland Flag : White with a blue cross
Concise History of Finland & its Flag
  • A.D. 800-1050 The Viking Age  when Swedish Vikings came into contact with Finland when establishing, via Russia, trade ties. The Finnish word for Sweden is 'Ruotsi' and the Finns' name for the Swedes is 'Rus' which is believed to be the origin of the name Russia
  • 1323 - Finland becomes part of the Swedish realm
  • 1550 Helsinki founded as Helsingfors by the Swedish king
  • 1808 - Russian invasion of Sweden supported by Napoleon
  • 1809 - Finland is ceded to Russia by the Swedes
  • 1812 - Helsinki becomes capital of Finland
  • 1899 Russian imposed as the official language
  • 1914-18 World War I
  • 1917 - The Russian Revolution and Finland declares its independence
  • 1919 - Finland becomes a republic
  • 1939 - Outbreak of World War II. Finland declares its neutrality but is invaded by the Soviet Union in November
  • 1940 - The Treaty of Moscow gives approximately 10% of Finnish lands to the Soviet Union
  • 1941 - Finland declares war on the Soviet Union and Britain declares war on Finland
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 Germany surrenders to the Allies
  • 1947 - Peace treaty signed between Finland and Soviet Union
The Flag and Nation of Finland

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Finland has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!



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