Haiti Flag

Haiti Flag



Flag of Haiti - Description of the Haiti Flag

  • As the above picture of the Haiti Flag indicates the background is bi-color - Red and Blue
  • The Haiti Flag is described as two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Haiti flag represent the following:
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Haiti flag is described as Border Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Haiti flag is described as 3:5
  • The emblem on the Haiti flag pictures the coat of arms which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)
  • The Meaning & History of the Haiti Flag - The flag is believed to have been first created during the country's revolution against the French. The rebels removed the white stripe from the French tricolor and the new creation as their flag
  • The flag of Haiti was adopted on February 25, 1986

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Haiti Flag Etiquette
  • Haiti Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Haiti as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Haiti
    • State Flag of Haiti
    • Military Flag of Haiti (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Haiti
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Haiti Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Haiti should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Haiti flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Haiti should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Haiti flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Haiti, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Haiti Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Haiti flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Haiti flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Haiti flag to the top, then lowering the Haiti Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Haiti flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Haiti flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Haiti flag
  • The Haiti flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Haiti flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Haiti flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Haiti Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Haiti Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Caribbean, western one-third
of the island of Hispaniola, between
the Caribbean Sea and the North
Atlantic Ocean, west of the
Dominican Republic



  • Land Size of Haiti : 27,560 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Haiti : tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
  • Population of Haiti : 7,656,166
  • Capital City of Haiti : Port-au-Prince
  • GDP of Haiti : $12.18 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
  • Agricultural products : coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood
  • Currency of Haiti : gourde (HTG)
  • Main Colors of Haiti Flag : Blue and Red
  • Commonly mis-spelt as Hiati
Concise History of Haiti & its Flag
  • The Arawak Indians first inhabited Haiti
  • The Caribs and the Arawaks were tropical forest people who probably originated in South America and were related the people found anywhere from Panama to Brazil
  • Not discovered by Europeans until 1492 when Christopher Columbus first landed in the New World
  • The Arawaks were progressively wiped out by the after-effects of the Spanish conquest
  • 1650 - 1800's the use of imported African slave labor
  • 1697 Spain ceded the western third of the Hispaniola - which was then called Saint-Domingue - to France
  • Slaves were forbidden from practicing Voodoo
  • 1791 August 22 the slaves revolted leading to a war against the French
  • January 1, 1804 Slaves defeated an army sent by Napoleon Bonaparte
  • January 1, 1804 Haiti declared independence establishing the world's first Black republic
  • 1804 all white people were thrown out of Haiti and many were killed including Catholic Priests
  • 1957  Francois Duvalier , "Papa Doc" became dictator in 1964
  • 1971 Jean-Claude Duvalier, "Baby Doc" followed his father as dictator at the age of 19
  • 1986  "Baby Doc" was deposed
  • 1990 Military rule ended and Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president
  • 2004 February 29 President Aristide left Haiti


  • Voodoo is the dominant religion of Haiti and is an amalgamation of African spirit religion and Catholicism
  • The priesthood of Voodoo contains both men (houngan) and women (mambo) and their functions include:
    • Performing religious ceremonies
    • Healing
    • Pacifying spirits
    • Telling the future and reading dreams
    • Casting spells (from love spells to death spells)
    • Creating potions
  • The religious rites of the religion are usually held outside and everyone participates
  • Drums are central to the accompanying music as is dancing
  • A master of ceremonies is often present and 'Iwa' often come and take over a person's body
  • Nearly every Voodoo service has animal sacrifice
  • Voodoo consists of peaceful Voodoo called Rada and the dangerous Petro which encompasses Black Magic with death curses and the making of zombies
The Flag and Nation of Haiti

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Haiti has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Haiti Flag

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