Iceland Flag

Iceland Flag

 

FLAGS - NATIONS - HISTORY - GEOGRAPHY

Flag of Iceland - Description of the Iceland Flag

  • As the above picture of the Iceland Flag indicates the overall background is Blue
  • The description of the Flag of Iceland is as follows:
    • Blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag
    • The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Iceland flag represent the following:
    • White - symbolizes the glaciers and peace and honesty
    • Red - symbolizes the fire in the volcanoes and hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - symbolizes the sea and vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
 

 
 
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Iceland flag is described as Scandinavian Cross reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Iceland flag is described as 18:25
  • The left half of the flag ( viewer's left side ) is called the Hoist and pictures the vertical part of the cross
  • The flag of Iceland was adopted in 1915
  • The Meaning & History of the Iceland Flag - The Iceland Flag is based on the Dannebrog (the Danish Flag) as Iceland was once a territory of Denmark
 

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
 
 
Terminology & Etiquette in Iceland Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Iceland flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Iceland flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Iceland flag to the top, then lowering the Iceland Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Iceland flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Iceland flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Iceland flag
  • The Iceland flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Iceland flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Iceland flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Iceland Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Iceland Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
 
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
 
 
Iceland Flag Etiquette
  • Iceland Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Iceland as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Iceland
    • State Flag of Iceland
    • Military Flag of Iceland (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Iceland
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Iceland Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Iceland should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Iceland flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Iceland should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Iceland flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Iceland, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 

National Flags of the World Map

Iceland

Location: Northern Europe, island
between the Greenland Sea and
the North Atlantic Ocean,
northwest of the UK

 
 

Iceland

  • Land Size of Iceland : 100,250 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Iceland : temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
  • Population of Iceland : 293,966 (July 2004 est.)
  • Capital City of Iceland : Reykjavik
  • GDP of Iceland : $8.678 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
  • Agricultural products : potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish
  • Currency of Iceland : Icelandic krona (ISK)
  • Main Colors of Iceland Flag : Blue
 
Concise History of Iceland & its Flag
  • AD 800 Celts (Irish and Scottish) are believed to have discovered and settled in Iceland
  • 874 The Scandinavian Vikings established settlements in Iceland
  • 930 The World's oldest parliament parliament, the Althing, held its first meeting
  • 982 The Viking, Eric the Red, discovers Greenland after being banned from Iceland by the Althing due to manslaughter
  • 1000 By a unique act of law, Icelanders voted to become Christians at the Althing
  • 1000 Leif Eríksson (aka Leif The lucky) discovers North America
  • 1120-1230 Scandinavian sagas were documented in Iceland by a nobleman called Snorri Sturluson
  • 1262 Icelanders entered into confederacy with Norway
  • 1350: the Black plague, "Svartedauen" sweeps Scandinavia and Iceland killing one third of the inhabitants
 
 
  • 1387 The Kalmar Act of Union when Norway and Iceland become united with Denmark
  • 1584 The Bible is translated into Icelandic
  • 1783-86 Volcanic eruptions in occur ruining the land which led to the starvation of animals and approx 25% of the Icelandic people
  • 1800 The Althing meetings are banned by the Danish king
  • 1843 The Althing Parliament is re-established as a consultative body
  • 1874 A new constitution is given to Iceland by the Danish King Christian IX
  • 1904 Icelandic Home rule is declared under Denmark
  • 1914-18 World War I
  • 1918 Denmark recognizes Iceland as a sovereign state
 
  • 1939 - Denmark signs 10-year non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany
  • 1940 April 9th - Germany invades Denmark
  • 1940 Iceland is occupied by British troops to prevent German invasion
  • 1941 American forces take over defence of Iceland from British
  • 1941 May 17th - Icelanders requested total independence
  • 1944 June 17th The Republic of Iceland was formally established
  • 1939 - 1945 WW11
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 - Germany surrenders and occupation ends
  • 1975 Fishery limits are extended to 200 miles starting the "Cod war" with Great Britain
  • 1976 Great Britain and Iceland sign an agreement to end the 'Cod War'
 
 
 
The Flag and Nation of Iceland

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Iceland has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!

 

Iceland Flag

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