Indian Flag

Indian Flag

 

FLAGS - NATIONS - HISTORY - GEOGRAPHY

The Flag of India - Description of the Indian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Indian Flag indicates the overall background is orange (saffron), white and green. The flag of India is also called Tiranga, or Tricolor
  • The description of the Indian Flag is as follows:
    • Three three equal horizontal bands of saffron, subdued orange, (top), white, and green
    • A blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Indian flag represent the following:
    • Saffron - a symbol of courage
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
    • Green - hope, joy , fertility and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance
 

 
 
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Indian flag is described as Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Indian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The emblem on the Indian flag pictures a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel)
  • The Meaning & History of the Indian Flag
    • The Indian emblem depicts the blue Ashoka Chakra - the "wheel of the law"
    • The Chakra was based on the emblem of the 3rd century Mauryan emperor, Ashoka
    • The 24 spokes of the wheel signifies 24 hours and progress every hour
    • The Indian flag was designed by a freedom fighter called Pingali Venkayya
    • The Indian flag was adopted on July 22, 1947 and symbolizes freedom
 

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
 
 
Terminology & Etiquette in Indian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Indian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Indian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Indian flag to the top, then lowering the Indian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Indian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Indian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Indian flag
  • The Indian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Indian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Indian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Indian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Indian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
 
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
 
 
Indian Flag Etiquette
  • Indian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Indian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Indian
    • State Flag of Indian
    • Military Flag of Indian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Indian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Indian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Indian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Indian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Indian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Indian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Indian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 

National Flags of the World Map

India

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the
Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal,
between Burma and Pakistan

 
 

India

  • Indian Land Size : 2,973,190 sq km
  • Indian Climate / Weather : varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
  • Indian Population : 1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)
  • Indian Capital City: New Delhi
  • Indian GDP: $3.022 trillion (2003 est.)
  • Indian Main Industries : textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
  • Indian Agricultural products : rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish
  • Indian Currency : Indian rupee (INR)
  • Main Colors of the Indian Flag : orange (saffron), white and green
 
Concise History of India & its Flag
  • 2500 BC The Dravidian civilization
  • 1500 BC The Aryans invaded India and conquered the Dravidians
  • 1400 BC The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written
  • 800-600 BC The sacred scripture, the Upanishads, was written
  • 518 BC Persians conquered Pakistan
  • 500 BC Buddhism was founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama
  • 500 BC Jainism was founded in India by Mahavira Jains
  • 326 BC Alexander the Great and his Macedonian army moved into India
  • 324 BC The Mauryan Empire was established by Chandragupta Maurya which included Afghanistan and parts of central Asia
  • 272 BC Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, became the emperor of India
  • 185 BC The Maurya Empire ended
 
 
  • 50 AD The Kushans established an empire in northern India
  • 320 - The Gupta Indian dynasty reunited northern India initiating the "golden Age" of India
  • 700s Muslim armies from Arabia invade India
  • 1206 Qutb ub-din Aybak established the Delhi Sultanate
  • 1398 Timur conquered India causing the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
  • 1498 Vasco da Gama, of Portugal, became the first European explorer to reach India
  • 1500 Christianity was introduced to India by the Europeans
  • Early 1500s Sikhism was founded by Nana
  • 1526 Babur established the massive Mughal Empire
  • 1600 Queen Elizabeth I, of the United Kingdom, granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras
  • 1628 Shah Jahan, the ruler of the Mughal Empire, built the Taj Mahal
  • 1658 The Strict Muslim, Aurangzeb, ruled India and tried to force Hindus to convert to Islam
  • 1757 The Battle of Plassey - Robert Clive, an agent of the East India Company, led forces which defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal
  • 1774 Warren Hastings was appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company
  • 1857 The Sepoy Rebellion
  • 1858 The British government ruled India through an Indian Viceroy- called the British Raj
 
  • 1876 Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament
  • 1885 Burma became an Indian province
  • 1885 The Indian National Congress was formed
  • 1905 The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
  • 1914 - 1918 First World War
  • 13 April 1919 The Amritsar Massacre
  • 1920 Mohandas K. Gandhi became the leader of the Indian independence movement and the Indian National Congress
  • 1935 The Government of India Act created a new constitution
  • 3 September 1939 The United Kingdom declared war on Germany beginning World War II
  • 1940 Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
  • 1939 - 1945 WW11
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
 
 
  • 1945 World War II ended
  • 1946 The British government agreed to grant India independence if they could agree on a form of government
  • 16 August 1946 Muslims held nation-wide demonstrations calling for the establishment of Pakistan
  • 1947 British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan
  • 15 August 1947 India became independent
  • 30 January 1948 Gandhi was assassinated
  • 26 January 1950 A new Indian Constitution was ratified and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first prime minister
The Indian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Indian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game.

 

Indian Flag

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