Iran Flag

Iran Flag



The Flag of Iran - Description of the Iran Flag
  • As the above picture of the Iran Flag indicates a tricolor of Red, Green and white
  • The description of the Iranian Flag is as follows:
    • Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red
    • The national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the white band
    • ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) in white Arabic script is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band

  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Iran flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Green - hope, joy and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance as that of Iran
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Iran flag is described as Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Iran flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The emblem on the Iran flag pictures the National Emblem
  • The Meaning & History of the Iran Flag
  • The Iran National emblem reflects the changes initiated by the Islamic Revolution
  • The basic colors were used during the time of the Shahs, however, at this time the emblem featured an image of a lion with a sword - a classical symbol of Persia
  • The Islamic Revolution of July 29, 1980 replaced the lion image with by a symbol depicting a stylized form of the word Allah
  • The symbol also feature four crescents with a sword in the centre
  • The text on the Iranian flag repeats the words ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) 22 times
  • This number is significant to the Islamic Revolution which occurred on the 22nd day of the 11th month of the Iranian calendar
  • The flag of Iran was adopted on July 29, 1980

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Iran Flag Etiquette
  • Iran Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Iran as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Iran
    • State Flag of Iran
    • Military Flag of Iran (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Iran
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Iran Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Iran should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Iran flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Iran should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Iran flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Iran, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Iran Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Iran flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Iran flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Iran flag to the top, then lowering the Iran Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Iran flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Iran flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Iran flag
  • The Iran flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Iran flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Iran flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Iran Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Iran Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf
of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the
Caspian Sea, between Iraq
and Pakistan

  • Land Size of Iran : 1.636 million sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Iran : mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
  • Iran Population : 69,018,924 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : Persia
  • Iran Capital City: Tehran
  • Iran GDP: $477.8 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing, metal fabricating, armaments
  • Agricultural products : wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar
  • Iran Currency : Iranian rial (IRR)
  • Main Colors of the Iran Flag : Red, Green and white
Concise History of Iran & its Flag
  • 559 - 332BC The Achaemenian Dynasty & the Great Persian Empire. The Persian Empire became the dominant world power for over two centuries
  • 550BC Cyrus the Great established the First World Empire
  • 525BC Persians conquer Egypt
  • 332 BC Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and Persia
  • 323-141 BC - The Seleucid Dynasty was established by one of Alexander's generals
  • 247 BC-224 AD - The Parthians conquered the Seleucids
  • 224 - 642 The Sasanian Dynasty
  • 570 - The Prophet Mohammad was born
  • 632 - The Prophet Mohammad died and his teachings were compiled into the Koran, the holy book of Islam
  • 642 - 1220 The Arab Caliphate
  • 1220 - Mongol Era when Persia conquered by Gangis Khan
  • 1271 - Marco Polo journeyed through Persia en route to China
  • 1295 - Ghazan Khan became the first Mongol leader to convert to Islam
  • 1501-1524 - Safavid Dynasty started by Shah Ismail I who united all of Persia under Iranian leadership
  • 1795 - Qajar Dynasty
  • 1851-1906 - The Qajars lost central Asian provinces to the Russians and were forced to give up all claims on Afghanistan to Great Britain
  • 1925-1940 - Pahlavi Dynasty
  • 1979 - The Shah was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution ending 2,500 years of monarchy
  • July 29, 1980 - The Islamic Revolution

This information focuses on the history of Iraq and does not address modern-day events

"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
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  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
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The Iran Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Iran Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Iran Flag

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