Italian Flag

Italian Flag

 

FLAGS - NATIONS - HISTORY - GEOGRAPHY

The Flag of Italy - Description of the Italian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Italian Flag indicates a tricolor of Red, White and Green
  • The description of the Italian Flag is as follows:
    • Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Italian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Green - hope, joy and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance
 

 
 
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Italian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Italian Flag - The Italian flag was inspired by a flag brought to Italy by the Emperor Napoleon
 

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
 
 
Terminology & Etiquette in Italian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Italian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Italian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Italian flag to the top, then lowering the Italian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Italian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Italian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Italian flag
  • The Italian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Italian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Italian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Italian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Italian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
 
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating a new flag
 
 
Italian Flag Etiquette
  • Italian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Italian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Italian
    • State Flag of Italian
    • Military Flag of Italian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Italian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Italian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Italian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Italian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Italian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Italian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Italian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 

National Flags of the World Map

Italy

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula
extending into the central
Mediterranean Sea,
northeast of
Tunisia

 
 

Italy

  • Italian Land Size : 294,020 sq km
  • Italian Climate / Weather : predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
  • Italian Population : 58,057,477 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : Kingdom of Italy
  • Italian Capital City: Rome
  • Italian GDP: $1.552 trillion (2003 est.)
  • Italian Main Industries : tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics
  • Italian Agricultural products : fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish
  • Italian Currency : euro (EUR)
  • Main Colors of the Italian Flag : Red, White and Green
 
Concise History of the Ancient Italian History and the Roman Empire
  • 10,000BC Upper Paleolithic (the Old Stone Age) period
  • 5000 - 3000BC Neolithic (New Stone Age) period
  • 3000BC - 1000BC Bronze Age period
  • 600BC - The Etruscans, natives of Asia Minor, establish cities from northern to central Italy
  • 282-272BC War with Pyrrhus
  • 264-241BC War with Carthage (First Punic War)
  • 218BC Hannibal invades Italy
  • 135-132BC First Servile War (slave revolt)
  • 73 - 71 B.C Slave uprising led by Spartacus
  • 64BC Pompey captures Jerusalem
  • 45BC Julius Caesar defeats Pompey and became the first dictator of Rome
  • 44BC Julius Caesar assassinated
 
 
  • 44-31BC The Triumvirate of Marc Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian (later known as Caesar Augustus) rule Rome
  • 31 BC - Antony and Cleopatra are defeated by Octavian
  • 31BC-14AD Octavian becomes Caesar Augustus, the first Roman emperor
  • 27 BC - 14 AD Augustus becomes Emperor
    14 - 37AD Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, becomes emperor
  • 33AD Crucifixion of Jesus and the origin of Christianity
  • 37 - 41 Gaius (Caligula) crowned Emperor
    41 - 54 Claudius proclaimed Emperor
  • 54 - 68 Nero proclaimed Emperor
  • 64AD Fire destroyed much of Rome during Nero's rule
  • 68AD The death of Nero ended the infamous Julio-Claudian dynasty
  • 75-80 The Roman emperors build the Colosseum as a place of gladiatorial combat
  • 180AD Commodius succeeds his father Marcus Aurelius and imperial power begins to decline
  • 305AD Constantine became the first Christian emperor
  • 380 Christianity is declared the sole religion of the Roman Empire by Theodosius I
  • 410AD The Visigoths, led by Alaric, sack Rome
  • 455AD The Vandals, led by Gaiseric, sack Rome
  • 476 AD The last Roman Emperor was Romulus Augustulus who was defeated by Odoacer, a German Goth
 
Concise Italian History & its Flag
  • 485 Italy was invaded by Attila the Hun. Pope Leo I dissuaded Attila from sacking Rome
  • 568 The Lombards, a Germanic tribe, invade Italy which is divided into three regions ruled by the Lombards, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Papal States5
  • 553 The old Roman Empire was reunited by Justinian, the Byzantine emperor
  • 572 The Byzantine rule collapses after an attack by the Lombards
  • 756 Pepin the Short, a Frankish King conquers the Lombards for the popes
  • 756 The Papal States were established in central Italy
  • 774 The Lombards defeated by Charlemagne
  • 800 Charlemagne crowned Roman emperor
  • 962 Otto the Great, the king of Germany, was crowned emperor establishing the Holy Roman Empire
  • 1000s - 1400's Independent city-states are established
  • 1519 Charles I of Spain became Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire
 
 
  • 1700s Spanish rule passed to Austrian rule
  • 1789 The French Revolution
  • 1796 Napoleon defeated the Austrian rulers
  • 1804 Napoleon declared himself the emperor of Italy
  • 1814 Napoleon abdicated his throne and Italy was broken up into small kingdoms
  • 1820s-1850s Small revolutions in the kingdoms - Venice, Rome and Tuscany declare themselves Republics
  • 1849 Austria regains control of most of Italy
  • 1860 Northern Italy was joined to the Kingdom of Sardinia
  • 1861 The Kingdom of Italy was formed under the leadership of  Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1861 Victor Emmanuel II crowned king
  • 1911 Italy defeats the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914 World War I
  • 1915 Italy joins the war on the side of the Allies
  • 1918 The Allies win WW1
  • 28 October 1922 The Fascists named Benito Mussolini the Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1925 Benito Mussolini becomes the dictator of Italy
 
  • 1936 Mussolini and Hitler sign an agreement known as the Roman-Berlin Axis
  • 1939 Italy conquers Albania and Mussolini sides with Hitler and Fascist Germany
  • 8 September 1943 Italy surrenders to the Allies in WW II
  • 13 October 1943 Italy declares war on Germany
  • 1945 Mussolini was shot
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 End of WW11
  • 10 June 1946 Italy abolishes the monarchy and establishes a republic
The Italian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Italian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!

 
 

Italian Flag

Italian Flag - Picture - Information - Facts - History - Italian Flag - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol  - Italian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Information  - Italian Flag - Pictures - Facts - History - Emblem - Coat of Arms - Meaning  - Italian Flag - Colors - Flag Terminolgy and Protocol - Hoist - Fly - Canton - Italian Flag - Culture - Geography - Info - Picture - Italian Flag - Italian Flag - Outdoor Flags - house Flags - Military Flags - Historical Flags - Patriotic Flags - Buy Flags - Historic Flags - National Flags - Writtn By Linda Alchin