Panama Flag

Panama Flag



Flag of Panama - Description of the Panama Flag

  • As the above picture of the Panama Flag indicates the overall background red, blue and white
  • As the above picture of the Panama Flag is described as follows:
    • Four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side)
    • A blue five-pointed star in the center and plain red
    • The bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star in the center
  • The blue star represents the purity and honesty of the people and country of Panama
  • The red star represents the authority and law in the country

  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Panama flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Panama flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The flag of Panama was adopted on December 20, 1903

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Panama Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Panama flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Panama flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Panama flag to the top, then lowering the Panama Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Panama flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Panama flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Panama flag
  • The Panama flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Panama flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Panama flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Panama Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Panama Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
Panama Flag Etiquette
  • Panama Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Panama as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Panama
    • State Flag of Panama
    • Military Flag of Panama (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Panama
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Panama Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Panama should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Panama flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Panama should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Panama flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Panama, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Central America, bordering
both the Caribbean Sea and the
North Pacific Ocean, between
Colombia and Costa Rica



  • Land Size of Panama : 75,990 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Panama : tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
  • Population of Panama : 3,000,463 (July 2004 est.)
  • Capital City of Panama : Panama
  • GDP of Panama : $18.62 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : construction, petroleum refining, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
  • Agricultural products : bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
  • Currency of Panama : balboa (PAB); US dollar (USD)
  • Main Colors of Panama Flag : red, blue and white
Concise History of Panama & its Flag
  • 1502 Columbus sails on his fourth and last voyage to the New World (Honduras and Panama)
  • 1502 - Spanish explorer Rodrigo de Bastidas visits Panama, which was home to Cuna, Choco, Guaymi and other indigenous peoples
  • Various experts have indicated the possibility of a linguistic connection between the name Cuna and certain Arawak and Carib tribal names
  • The Caribs and the Arawaks were tropical forest people who probably originated in South America and were related to the people found anywhere from Panama to Brazil
  • 1509 Beginnings of slave trade to New World
  • 1513 Sept 25, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, Spanish explorer, crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain
  • He was named governor of Panama and the Pacific by King Ferdinand
  • 1514 1,500 Spanish settlers go to Panama
  • 1519 - Panama becomes Spanish Vice-royalty of New Andalucia (later New Granada)
  • 1522 First slave revolt in America occurs in Hispaniola
  • 1566 Two million Indians die in South America of typhoid fever
  • 1810 - Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon
  • 1821 - Panama becomes independent of Spain
  • 1821 - Panama joins the confederacy of Gran Colombia which consists of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
  • 1830 - Panama becomes part of Colombia following the collapse of Gran Colombia
  • 1850's - the building of the Panama Railway which is the first Transcontinental railway of the New World crossing the isthmus from Colon to Panama City
  • 1880s - France makes a failed attempt to build a Canal to link the Atlantic and Pacific
  • 1903 November 3 - Panama splits from Colombia and becomes fully independent
  • 1903 -  US buys rights to build Panama Canal and controls the waterway for nearly a century
  • 15 August 1915 - Official opening of the Panama Canal a massive achievement - the Panama Canal is 65 km ( 40 miles ) in length
  • 1939 - Panama ceases to be a US protectorate
  • 1 January 2000: Control of the canal passes from USA to Panama by the Torrijos-Carter treaty
"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
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  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
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The Flag and Nation of Panama

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Panama has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Panama Flag

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