Polish Flag

Polish Flag



The Flag of Poland - Description of the Polish Flag
  • As the above picture of the Polish Flag indicates the bicolor of Red and white
  • The description of the Polish Flag is as follows:
    • Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Polish flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Polish flag is described as 5:8

  • The Meaning & History of the Polish Flag
    • The Kingdom of Poland and the Polish flag were born in September 1917
    • The Polish flag was adopted on August 1, 1919
    • The red and white colors have been associated with Poland since the 1200's
    • The Polish symbol is the white eagle which has been used since the 1300's

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Polish Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Polish flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Polish flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Polish flag to the top, then lowering the Polish Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Polish flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Polish flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Polish flag
  • The Polish flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Polish flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Polish flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Polish Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Polish Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
Polish Flag Etiquette
  • Polish Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Polish as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Polish
    • State Flag of Polish
    • Military Flag of Polish (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Polish
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Polish Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Polish should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Polish flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Polish should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Polish flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Polish, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Central Europe,
east of Germany



  • Polish Land Size : 304,465 sq km
  • Polish Climate / Weather : temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
  • Polish Population : 38,626,349 (July 2004 est.)
  • Polish Capital City: Warsaw
  • Polish GDP: $426.7 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
  • Polish Agricultural products : potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork
  • Polish Currency : zloty (PLN)
  • Main Colors of the Polish Flag : Red and white
The Slavs
The Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:
  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarians, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs'

Concise History of Poland & its Flag

  • 900's - The Polania tribe became dominant
  • 966 - Duke Mieszko I became Poland's first recorded Christian leader
  • 966 - 1370 The Piast Polish Dynasty
  • 1382 - 1572 The Jagiellonian Dynasty
  • 1572 - 1795 The Royal Republic
  • 1700s - The Three Partitions of Poland - Russia, Prussia and Austria divide Poland amongst themselves
  • 1914-18 World War I - Poles were forced into the Russian, German, and Austrian armies and forced to fight each other
  • 11 November 1918 - Poland becomes independent
  • 23 August 1939 - Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact and threaten Poland
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II
  • 1939 1st September Germany invades Poland
  • 1939 17th September Soviet Union invades eastern Poland
  • 1944 The Warsaw Uprising - Poland comes under Soviet control
  • 1980 Strike leader Lech Walesa is elected as the head of Solidarity
"Around the World in 80 minutes!"
  • A combination of information regarding a Nation's flag, History, Geography and Current Events provides an accurate snapshot of the evolution of each country
  • In just a short period of time this concise information with specific facts will improve your overall understanding of the great countries of the World
  • A useful Educational Resource accessed from the Index
  • You can go "Around the World in 80 minutes!"

The Polish Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Polish Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Polish Flag

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