Romanian Flag

Romanian Flag

 

FLAGS - NATIONS - HISTORY - GEOGRAPHY

The Flag of Romania - Description of the Romanian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Romanian Flag indicates a tricolor of Blue, Yellow and Red
  • The description of the Romanian Flag is as follows:
    • Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Romanian flag represent the following:
    • Yellow - a symbol of generosity
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
 

 
 
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Romanian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Romanian Flag - The previous Communist national flag(1947-1989), contained the national coat of arms in the centre yellow band
  • The Romanian flag was adopted on December 27 1989
 

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
 
 
Romanian Flag Etiquette
  • Romanian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Romanian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Romanian
    • State Flag of Romanian
    • Military Flag of Romanian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Romanian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Romanian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Romanian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Romanian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Romanian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Romanian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Romanian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
 
 
Romanian Flag Etiquette
  • Romanian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Romanian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Romanian
    • State Flag of Romanian
    • Military Flag of Romanian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Romanian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Romanian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Romanian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Romanian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Romanian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Romanian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Romanian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 

National Flags of the World Map

Romania

Location: South-eastern Europe,
bordering the Black Sea,
between Bulgaria
and the Ukraine

 
 

Romania

  • Romanian Land Size : 230,340 sq km
  • Romanian Climate / Weather : temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
  • Romanian Population : 22,355,551 (July 2004 est.)
  • Romanian Capital City: Bucharest
  • Romanian GDP: $154.4 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
  • Romanian Agricultural products : wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep
  • Romanian Currency : leu (ROL)
  • Main Colors of the Romanian Flag : Blue, Yellow and Red
  • Commonly mis-spelt as Rumanian
 
The Slavs
The Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:
  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarians, Romanian, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs'
Concise History of Romania & its Flag
  • The name Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania) comes from Rome or the Roman Empire
  • 10,000BC Upper Paleolithic (the Old Stone Age) period
 
 
  • 3000BC - 1000BC Bronze Age period
  • 5000 - 3000BC Neolithic (New Stone Age) period
  • The ancient Kingdom of Romania was called Dacia
  • 650 BC Information about the Dacians is first documented by the Greeks
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire to include Dacia which was re-named as Romania
  • 50-100AD - The spread of Christianity
  • 103-105AD The Roman provinces of Moesia Superior and Dacia were connected by a bridge over the Danube for Emperor Trajan
  • 395 to 1453 - The Byzantine Empire or Eastern Roman Empire was the eastern section of the Roman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople. The
  • Byzantine Empire was called the Roman Empire or, in later centuries, Romania
  • Romania was made up of a number of small states, including Transylvania, Wallachia & Moldavia, each with an independent ruler
  • 1428 Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler), the son of Vlad Dracul (Vlad the Dragon), is born
  • 1463 Vlad the Impaler becomes Prince of Wallachia
  • 1443 Vlad the Impaler is taken hostage by the Turks
  • 1451 Vlad the Impaler flees to Transylvania
  • 1476 Vlad the Impaler is assassinated. In 1897 "Dracula" by Bram Stoker is published in England
 
  • 1703-1711 War, led by the Prince of Transylvania, against the Habsburgs failed
  • 1859 - The modern Romania was born when the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia merged
  • 1895 Oct 1, Romanians in Constantinople were massacred
  • 1914 Outbreak of WWI Romania fights on Allied side
  • 1916 Aug 28, Germany declared war on Romania
  • 1916 Sep 1, Bulgaria declared war on Romania
  • 1938 - King Carol II establishes dictatorship
  • 1938 - 1940 Germany raise treaties in Munich and Vienna in which Southern Slovakia and Northern Transylvania were returned to Hungary
  • September 1939 World War II starts
  • 1940 Soviet Union delivered an ultimatum to Romania and 2 days later occupied Bessarabia and North Bukovina
  • 1941 - Romania fights on German side against Soviet Union
 
 
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 The Allies of World War II defeat Germany
  • 1947 - Romania regains Transylvania. King Michael abdicates. Romanian People's Republic proclaimed
  • 1955 - Romania joins Warsaw Pact
  • 1965 - Nicolae Ceausescu becomes Romanian Communist Party leader
  • 1989 - The reign of Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu was ended with an uprising
The Romanian Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Romanian Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!

 

Romanian Flag

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