Russian Flag

Russian Flag



The Flag of Russia - Description of the Russian Flag
  • As the above picture of the Russian Flag indicates the tricolour of Pan-Slavic colors of White, Blue and Red
  • The description of the Russian Flag is as follows:
    • three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Russian flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice

  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Russian flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Russian Flag
    • The Russian flag became the official flag of Russia on May 7th 1883
    • The Bolsheviks took power in 1917 and changed the flag until August 21st 1991 when it became the official flag of the Russia again

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Russian Flag Etiquette
  • Russian Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Russian as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Russian
    • State Flag of Russian
    • Military Flag of Russian (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Russian
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Russian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Russian should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Russian flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Russian should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Russian flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Russian, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Russian Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Russian flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Russian flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Russian flag to the top, then lowering the Russian Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Russian flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Russian flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Russian flag
  • The Russian flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Russian flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Russian flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Russian Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Russian Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Northern Asia (that part west
of the Urals is included with Europe)
bordering the Arctic Ocean,
between Europe and the
North Pacific Ocean



  • Russian Land Size : 16,995,800 sq km
  • Russian Climate / Weather : ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; sub-arctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
  • Russian Population : 143,782,338 (July 2004 est.)
  • Former Name(s) : Russian Empire, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  • Russian Capital City: Moscow
  • Russian GDP: $1.287 trillion (2003 est.)
  • Russian Main Industries : complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
  • Russian Agricultural products : grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk
  • Russian Currency : Russian ruble (RUR)
  • Main Colors of the Russian Flag : White, Blue and Red
The Slavs
The Slavic people who were the most numerous ethnic group in Europe:
  • The 'West Slavs' were the Poles, the Czechs and the Slovaks
  • The 'East Slavs' consisted of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • The 'South Slavs' consisted of Bulgarians, Croats, Macedonians Serbs and Slovenians
  • In the early Middle Ages Slavs were often used as slaves which is possibly the origin of the generic term 'Slavs'

Concise History of Russia & its Flag

  • 1200s BC The Cimmerians, a Balkan people, settled in the Ukraine
  • 700s BC The Cimmerians were defeated by the Scythians, an Iranian people
  • 200 BC The Scythians were conquered by the Samaritans bringing Greek and Roman influence to the culture
  • 200 AD The German Visigoths conquered the region
  • 370 AD The Huns, led by Attilla, conquered the Goths and took control
  • 800s Eastern Slavs settled in different regions in Russia
  • 862  Rurik, a Varangian prince ruled the refion which became known as the Land of the Rus
  • 988 Grand Prince Vladimir I converted to the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • 1200 - 1480 The Mogols led by Genghis Khan, conquered Russia
  • 1480 Ivan III freed Russia from the Mongols
  • 1547 Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) became the first Czar
  • 1682 Peter the Great became Czar
  • 1762 Catherine the Great became empress
  • Late 1700s Austria, Prussia, and Russia divided Poland amongst themselves. Russia received Belarus, Lithuania, and Ukraine from Poland
  • 1801 Alexander I became Czar
  • 1812 Napoleon Bonaparte led troops into Russia but was defeated
  • 1825 Nicholas I became Czar
  • 1853 The Crimean War broke out between Russia and the Ottoman Empire
  • 1867 Russia sold Alaska to the United States
  • 1894 Nicholas II Czar
  • 1898 The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party was established by the Marxists
  • 1903 Lenin became the leader of the Bolsheviks
  • 1914 World War I broke out and the Russians fought the Germans and Austrians
  • 1917 Revolutionaries overthrew the Russian government
  • July 1918 Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered
  • 1918 Russia became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic which eventually formed the
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)
  • 1924 Lenin died
  • 1929 Stalin became the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)
  • 1939 German forces invaded Poland resulting in World War II
  • 1939 Russia occupied Poland
  • 1945, May, Berlin fell to Russia
  • August 1945 The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1945 End of WW11

This information focuses on the history of Russia and does not address contemporary events 


Russian Flag

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