Welsh Flag

Welsh Flag



The Flag of Wales - Description of the Welsh Flag
  • The description of the Welsh Flag is as follows:
    • Two equal horizontal bands of white (top), and green
    • Red Dragon Emblem
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Welsh flag represent the following:
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Green - hope, joy and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance

  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Welsh flag is described as Emblem reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Welsh flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Welsh Flag
    • The Welsh flag is known as Y Ddraig Goch, the Red Dragon
    • The Romans carried banners bearing Dragon emblems - it is believed that legends about dragons were passed to the Romans from the Persian Empire
    • The Welsh hero Cadwaladr carried the dragon standard in the 700's
    • The Tudors claimed Welsh ancestry and their livery was green and white. The Tudors claim to the English throne was strengthened by this association
  • The Welsh flag has been officially used since the 1950s

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Welsh Flag Etiquette
  • Welsh Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Welsh as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Welsh
    • State Flag of Welsh
    • Military Flag of Welsh (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Welsh
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Welsh Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Welsh should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Welsh flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Welsh should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Welsh flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Welsh, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
Terminology & Etiquette in Welsh Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Welsh flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Welsh flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Welsh flag to the top, then lowering the Welsh Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Welsh flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Welsh flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Welsh flag
  • The Welsh flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Welsh flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Welsh flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Welsh Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Welsh Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Western Europe, Western section
of British Isles between the North Atlantic
Ocean and the North Sea,
northwest of France



  • Welsh Land Size : 8800 square miles
  • Climate / Weather of Wales : temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
  • Welsh Population : 2,946,200
  • Former Name(s) : Cambria
  • Welsh Main Industries :  machine tools, electric power & automation equipment, communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods
  • Welsh Agricultural products : cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
  • Welsh Currency : British pound (GBP) Stirling
  • Main Colors of the Welsh Flag : White and Green
The Celts and Ancient Welsh History
  • Bronze and Iron Age - The emergence of the Celts across Europe
  • 400BC - By this time the ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many European countries including Austria, Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany, Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary
  • The Celts were people from various tribes and were called Galli by the Romans and Galatai or Keltoi by the Greeks. These terms all had one meaning in common - barbarian
  • It is from the Greek, Keltoi, that Celt is derived
  • Despite the name of Barbarian the Celtic society was based almost entirely on pastoralism and the raising of cattle or sheep
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire. Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Roman name for the region of Europe occupied by the Celts. The word Gaul commonly refers to a Celt inhabitant of that region in ancient times
  • The Romans gave Wales the name of Cambria
  • The Ancient Druid religion is had its stronghold in Wales until the Roman invasion
  • 224 - 220 BC - Rome conquered the Celts
  • According to legend Emperor Magnus Maximus Elen the daughter of a Welsh chieftain
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 280 BC - The Celts sacked many Greek cities
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 50-100AD - The spread of Christianity
  • 383 Is considered by eminent historians as the year that the concept of the Welsh nation began
  • 476 AD The Roman Empire collapsed

St. David - the Patron Saint of Wales

  • St. David's day is celebrated on March 1st
  • St. David was an early crusader for Christianity and served as a Bishop in Wales, is believed to have died on March 1st, 589
  • "The Life of St David" was written by Rhygyfarch of Llanbadarn (near Aberystwyth) around 1190
  • His remains were buried at what is now the Cathedral of St. David's in Pembrokeshire in the West of Wales
  • The leek is a Welsh emblem which is linked with St. David and adopted as a national symbol because of its importance to the Welsh national diet especially during Lent

Concise History of Welsh & its Flag

Wales had been conquered by Edward I of England (1239 - 1307) and became incorporated into England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284. Wales was therefore considered part of the kingdom of England and the Welsh flag never became part of the Union Jack Flag

  • 383 Is considered by eminent historians as the year that the concept of the Welsh nation began
  • 784 The King Of Mercia builds Offa's Dyke as a boundary between England and Wales
  • 844-877 The Reign Of Rhodri Mawr (Rhodri The Great) who united all of Wales under his rule
  • 890 Welsh rulers acknowledge Alfred Of Wessex as their ruler and creates a sense of subservience to the English Crown
  • 1066-77 Following the defeat of the English King Harold at the Battle Of the Normans also take control of Wales
  • 1120-1129 "Historia Regum Britanniae" was writtenb by Geoffrey Of Monmouth and details the Arthurian Legend of King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin and the Chivalric Court of Camelot. This provided the Welsh with a claim to the sovereignty of the whole island of Britain of which the Tudors took advantage
  • 1137-1170 The Reign of Owain Gwynedd
  • 1169 According to Welsh legend Prince Madog Of Gwynedd, landed in Alabama and travelled up the Missouri leaving behind Welsh culture and customs
  • 1204 Prince Llywelyn Ap Iorwerth married Joan, the daughter of King John Of England
  • 1222-1283 Llywelyn Ap Gruffudd took the title of Prince Of Wales with agreement from the King Of England but Wales then became subservient to the King of England
  • 1284 Wales became incorporated into The Kingdom Of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan
  • 1485 The Battle Of Bosworth ended the English Wars of The Roses when Henry Tudor defeated Richard III. Henry Tudor claimed Welsh descent through Owain Tudor of Penmynedd in Anglesey who had secretly married Catherine, widow of King Henry V. Their son, Edmund Tudor fathered Henry Tudor, who became King Henry VII of England and fulfilled the old prophesy that one day a Welsh Monarch would rule the whole of Britain
The Welsh Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Welsh Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game.


Welsh Flag

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