Zimbabwe Flag

Zimbabwe Flag



Flag of Zimbabwe - Description of the Zimbabwe Flag
  • As the above picture of the Zimbabwe Flag indicates the flag has:
    • seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green
    • a white isosceles triangle edged in black with its base on the hoist side
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Zimbabwe flag represent the following:
    • Yellow - mineral wealth
    • White - peace and honesty
    • Red - blood shed to achieve independence, hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
    • Black - stands for the native people
    • Green - the land and agriculture, hope, joy and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance

  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Zimbabwe flag is described as Emblem -reflecting the central design of the flag pattern
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Zimbabwe flag is described as 1:2 ( length twice the height )
  • The Meaning & History of the Zimbabwe Flag - The Zimbabwe emblem depicts a yellow Zimbabwe bird representing the long history of the country and is superimposed on a red five-pointed star which symbolizes peace
  • The flag of Zimbabwe as adopted on April 18, 1980

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
Terminology & Etiquette in Zimbabwe Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Zimbabwe flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Zimbabwe flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Zimbabwe flag to the top, then lowering the Zimbabwe Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Zimbabwe flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Zimbabwe flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Zimbabwe flag
  • The Zimbabwe flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Zimbabwe flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Zimbabwe flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Zimbabwe Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Zimbabwe Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
Zimbabwe Flag Etiquette
  • Zimbabwe Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Zimbabwe as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Zimbabwe
    • State Flag of Zimbabwe
    • Military Flag of Zimbabwe (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Zimbabwe
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Zimbabwe Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Zimbabwe should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Zimbabwe flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Zimbabwe should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Zimbabwe flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Zimbabwe, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect

National Flags of the World Map


Location: Southern Africa, between
South Africa and Zambia



  • Land Size of Zimbabwe : 386,670 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Zimbabwe : tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)
  • Population of Zimbabwe : 12,671,860
  • Former Name(s) : Southern Rhodesia, Rhodesia
  • Capital City of Zimbabwe : Harare
  • GDP of Zimbabwe : $24.03 billion (2003 est.)
  • Main Industries : mining (coal, gold, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel, wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages
  • Currency of Zimbabwe : Zimbabwean dollar (ZWD)
  • Agricultural products : corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs
  • Main Colors of Zimbabwe Flag : Multi Colored
Concise History of Zimbabwe & its Flag
  • 700AD - Arabian and Persians trade with ivory, rhino horn, gold, shells and slaves
  • 1000 AD - the Shona people began their rule and built a city called Zimbabwe
  • 1400s - the Karanga branch of the Shona established the Mwanamutapa Empire
  • 1500's - the Rowzi branch rebelled and formed the Changamire Empire
  • 1500s  - Christianity was introduced by the Portuguese explorers
  • 1830s Nguni people from the south defeated the empire
  • 1800-1900's - European slave traders establish coastal ports for the increasing traffic in slaves destined for the Americas
  • The slaves were emancipated in the 1830's
  • 1888 Lobengula, the ruler, signed an agreement that granted mineral rights to the British South African Company
  • 1893  - The British South African Company occupied the region and called the territory Rhodesia
  • 1897 - Great Britain recognized southern and northern Rhodesia as separate territories
  • 1923 Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing British Colony
  • 1953 Great Britain set up the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which included the territories of Southern and Northern Rhodesia
  • 1963 - The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved
  • 1964 - Northern Rhodesia became Zambia
  • 1964 - Southern Rhodesia became known as Rhodesia
  • 11 November 1965 Prime Minister, Ian Smith, declared Rhodesia independent. Great Britain declared this action illegal and banned trade with Rhodesia
  • 1966 The United Nations imposed sanctions on Rhodesia
  • 1969 A new constitution was introduced to prevent black Africans from ever gaining control of the government
  • 2 March 1970 Rhodesia declared itself a republic
  • 1970-1974 Civil War between government troops and black guerrillas
  • 1977-1979 Prime Minister Smith began to make plans to establish a new government with a majority of black leaders
  • April 1979 - Election resulted in a majority of black leaders
  • April 1979 - Abel T. Muzorewa became the first black Prime Minister
  • 31 May 1979 - Zimbabwe proclaimed independence
  • 1 June 1979 - The nation of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, was formed
  • 18 April 1980 - Great Britain recognized the country's independence and Rhodesia's name was officially changed to Zimbabwe
  • February 2000 - In a referendum held Zimbabwe voters rejected a new constitution which included provisions that called for redistribution of white-owned farmland to blacks

The Flag and Nation of Zimbabwe

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Flag and Country of Zimbabwe has provided a useful educational resource.

To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flag and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!


Zimbabwe Flag

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